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As a key for studying the protein structures, protein fold recognition is playing an important role in predicting the protein structures associated with COVID-19 and other important structures. However, the existing computational predictors only focus on the protein pairwise similarity or the similarity between two groups of proteins from 2-folds. However, the homology relationship among proteins is in a hierarchical structure. The global protein similarity network will contribute to the performance improvement. In this study, we proposed a predictor called FoldRec-C2C to globally incorporate the interactions among proteins into the prediction. For the FoldRec-C2C predictor, protein fold recognition problem is treated as an information retrieval task in nature language processing. The initial ranking results were generated by a surprised ranking algorithm Learning to Rank, and then three re-ranking algorithms were performed on the ranking lists to adjust the results globally based on the protein similarity network, including seq-to-seq model, seq-to-cluster model and cluster-to-cluster model (C2C). When tested on a widely used and rigorous benchmark dataset LINDAHL dataset, FoldRec-C2C outperforms other 34 state-of-the-art methods in this field. The source code and data of FoldRec-C2C can be downloaded from © The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please email:


Jiangyi Shao, Ke Yan, Bin Liu. FoldRec-C2C: protein fold recognition by combining cluster-to-cluster model and protein similarity network. Briefings in bioinformatics. 2021 May 20;22(3)

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PMID: 32685972

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