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Hair follicle stem cells (HFSCs) are maintained in a quiescent state until activated to grow, but the mechanisms that reactivate the quiescent HFSC reservoir are unclear. Here, we find that loss of Sirt7 in mice impedes hair follicle life-cycle transition from telogen to anagen phase, resulting in delay of hair growth. Conversely, Sirt7 overexpression during telogen phase facilitated HSFC anagen entry and accelerated hair growth. Mechanistically, Sirt7 is upregulated in HFSCs during the telogen-to-anagen transition, and HFSC-specific Sirt7 knockout mice (Sirt7f/f ;K15-Cre) exhibit a similar hair growth delay. At the molecular level, Sirt7 interacts with and deacetylates the transcriptional regulator Nfatc1 at K612, causing PA28γ-dependent proteasomal degradation to terminate Nfatc1-mediated telogen quiescence and boost anagen entry. Cyclosporin A, a potent calcineurin inhibitor, suppresses nuclear retention of Nfatc1, abrogates hair follicle cycle delay, and promotes hair growth in Sirt7-/- mice. Furthermore, Sirt7 is downregulated in aged HFSCs, and exogenous Sirt7 overexpression promotes hair growth in aged animals. These data reveal that Sirt7 activates HFSCs by destabilizing Nfatc1 to ensure hair follicle cycle initiation. © 2020 The Authors. Published under the terms of the CC BY NC ND 4.0 license.


Guo Li, Xiaolong Tang, Shuping Zhang, Meiling Jin, Ming Wang, Zhili Deng, Zuojun Liu, Minxian Qian, Wei Shi, Zimei Wang, Hongfu Xie, Ji Li, Baohua Liu. SIRT7 activates quiescent hair follicle stem cells to ensure hair growth in mice. The EMBO journal. 2020 Sep 15;39(18):e104365

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PMID: 32696520

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