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Several genes are significantly mutated in breast cancer but only a small percentage of mutations are well-known to contribute to cancer development. FASN is involved in de novo lipogenesis and the regulation of ERα signaling. However, the effect of genetic mutations affecting FASN in breast cancer has not thoroughly studied. Therefore, we used the CRISPR/Cas9 system to edit the FASN locus in MCF-7 cells and evaluated its biological effect. We obtained four clones carrying mutations and frameshifts in the acyl-transferase domain of FASN. We found that clones had reduced proliferation, migration, viability, and showed alterations in cell cycle profiles. RNA-Seq analysis demonstrates that a lack of fully functional FASN may have a more significant role in proliferation-related genes than in lipid metabolism. We conclude that functional knockouts in FASN contributes to decrease the proliferation and migration of breast cancer cells contrary to point mutations in breast cancer patients. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Citation

Fernando Gonzalez-Salinas, Rocio Rojo, Claudia Martinez-Amador, Jessica Herrera-Gamboa, Victor Trevino. Transcriptomic and cellular analyses of CRISPR/Cas9-mediated edition of FASN show inhibition of aggressive characteristics in breast cancer cells. Biochemical and biophysical research communications. 2020 Aug 20;529(2):321-327

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PMID: 32703430

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