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A simple and efficient microwave (MW)-assisted method was elaborated for the catalyst-free synthesis of isoindolin-1-one-3-phosphonates by the three-component condensation of 2-formylbenzoic acid, aliphatic primary amines and various dialkyl phosphites. The batch and the continuous flow reactions were optimized in respect of the temperature, the reaction time and the molar ratio of the starting materials. To evaluate the potential of MW irradiation, comparative thermal experiments were also carried out. In order to obtain "real time" information about the condensation, the special Kabachnik-Fields reaction of 2-formylbenzoic acid, butylamine and diethyl phosphite was monitored by in situ FT-IR spectroscopy. The novel title compounds could be prepared in high yields at low temperature under a short reaction time. A suitable method could also be developed for the preparation of the isoindolin-1-one-3-phosphonates at a "few g" scale by using a continuous flow MW reactor.


Ádám Tajti, Nóra Tóth, Bettina Rávai, István Csontos, Pál Tamás Szabó, Erika Bálint. Study on the Microwave-Assisted Batch and Continuous Flow Synthesis of N-Alkyl-Isoindolin-1-One-3-Phosphonates by a Special Kabachnik-Fields Condensation. Molecules (Basel, Switzerland). 2020 Jul 21;25(14)

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PMID: 32708227

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