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    Knowledge of inter-strain and inter-gender differences in drug metabolism studies is important for animal selection in pharmacokinetic and toxicological studies. The effects of rat strain and gender in in vitro metabolism were investigated in Sprague Dawley (SD) and Wister Han (WH) rats based on the hepatocyte metabolic profiles of 14 small molecule drugs. Similarities were found between the hepatocyte metabolic clearances of SD and WH strains, suggesting that only one strain can be confidently used for the evaluation of hepatic clearance. Neither strain of rat was preferable over the other to cover human metabolites. Higher similarities in metabolic pathways were found between the same gender than the same strain. Differences in metabolite identities, metabolite formation rates and potential biotransformation pathways were observed between SD and WH rat strains. Eleven metabolites from six drugs were "disproportionally" formed between SD and WH rats. The use of a specific rat strain model and gender for ADME and toxicity testing should, therefore, be carefully considered as metabolic profiles may differ, even though metabolic clearance was similar between SD and WH rats.


    Wei Wang, Mulder Teresa, Jingwei Cai, Chenghong Zhang, Susan Wong, Zhengyin Yan, S Cyrus Khojasteh, Donglu Zhang. Comparative assessment for rat strain differences in metabolic profiles of 14 drugs in Wistar Han and Sprague Dawley hepatocytes. Xenobiotica; the fate of foreign compounds in biological systems. 2021 Jan;51(1):15-23

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    PMID: 32713280

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