Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

Chlorella vulgaris is a form of microalgae commonly employed as a biological source of oil for biodiesel production. Major algal cultivation strategies are focused on stimulating growth rate and lipid content. In the present study, the algal growth media was supplemented with iron (III) chloride (FeCl3), as a stimulating factor for growth and lipid production, in three iron concentrations including 90, 200, and 500 µM. The turbidity of algal cells was measured on different days, to determine the growth rate. In optimum iron concentration, this measurement experienced a 2.1-fold increase. Next, the lipid content was extracted, and the amount of lipid produced in each treatment was calculated, which demonstrated a 4.57-fold increase in lipid productivity. The expression of genes corresponding to the metabolic enzymes (i.e. acetyl-CoA carboxylase (accD) and ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase large chain (rbcL)) was evaluated using real-time PCR under different initial iron feeds. As demonstrated in the results, the initial iron feed of 90 µM was an optimum concentration that obtained the highest growth rate, more cell density, and increased lipid production. In 90 µM initial iron concentration, the expression of accD and rbcL genes showed a 4.8- and 35-fold increase, respectively, compared to that of the control genes. Based on the results, this optimum iron concentration could satisfy the industrial interest in biodiesel production from C. vulgaris as a potential stimulating factor. However, higher levels of iron (e.g. 200 and 500 µM) failed to act as positive stress for increasing biodiesel production. Finally, in this paper, different mechanisms where iron affects acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase) and 1,5-ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase/oxygenase (RuBisCo) are illustrated.


Atefeh Khamoushi, Vida Tafakori, Mohammad Ali Zahed, Somayeh Eghrari Gayglou, S Abdolhamid Angaji. Augmenting the expression of accD and rbcL genes using optimized iron concentration to achieve higher biomass and biodiesel in Chlorella vulgaris. Biotechnology letters. 2020 Dec;42(12):2631-2641

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 32720070

View Full Text