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Endovascular therapy and intravenous thrombolysis with recombinant tissue plasminogen activator are the 2 most recommended treatments for acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Glycoprotein (GP) IIb-IIIa inhibitors are short-acting selective reversible antiplatelet agents that emerged as promising therapeutic agents for AIS about 10 years ago. Given the unclear safety profile and application coverage of GP inhibitors, we conducted this meta-analysis to explore the same. We used GP IIb-IIIa inhibitors, intracranial hemorrhage, and mortality as the key words on Medline, Web of Science, and the Embase databases. Randomized controlled trials, prospective literatures, and retrospective studies in English published between 1990 and 2020 were screened. The outcomes were relative risk (RR) of death and 90-day intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). We pooled the results in 2 categories and conducted a subgroup analysis stratified by different drugs. The choice of the effects model depended on the value of I 2. In all, 3700 patients from 20 studies were included. No GP IIb-IIIa inhibitors were found to have a remarkable influence on the ICH rate. The RR values of symptomatic ICH for abciximab and eptifibatide were 4.26 (1.89, 9.59) and 0.17 (0.04, 0.69), respectively. Both tirofiban and abciximab could decrease the mortality rate within 90 days. Age > 70 years, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale > 15, and overall dose > 10 mg are risk factors for ICH events with tirofiban usage. Thrombectomy combined with tirofiban was safe for arterial reocclusion prevention. In stroke-related treatment, administration of GP IIb-IIIa inhibitors could be safe, but care should be taken regarding drug species and doses. Abciximab can increase the risk of symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage. Tirofiban and eptifibatide can be considered safe in low doses. Suitable patients should be selected using strict criteria.

Citation

Xiaolin Zhu, Genmao Cao. Safety of Glycoprotein IIb-IIIa Inhibitors Used in Stroke-Related Treatment: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Clinical and applied thrombosis/hemostasis : official journal of the International Academy of Clinical and Applied Thrombosis/Hemostasis. 2020 Jan-Dec;26:1076029620942594

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PMID: 32727211

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