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    Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a complex disease caused by the interaction between genetic and environmental factors. A growing number of evidence suggests that the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARG) gene plays a major role in T2DM development. Meta-analysis of genetic association studies is an efficient tool to gain a better understanding of multifactorial diseases and potentially to provide valuable insights into gene-disease interactions. The present study was focused on assessing the association between Pro12Ala variation in the PPARG and T2DM risk through a comprehensive meta-analysis. We searched PubMed, WoS, Embase, Scopus and ProQuest from 1990 to 2017. The fixed-effect or random-effect model was used to evaluate the pooled odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) depending on the heterogeneity among studies. The sources of heterogeneity and publication bias among the included studies were assessed using I2 statistics and Egger's tests. A total of 73 studies, involving 62,250 cases and 69,613 controls were included. The results showed that the minor allele (G) of the rs1801282 variant was associated with the decreased risk of T2DM under different genetic models. Moreover, the protective effect of minor allele was detected to be significantly more in some ethnicities including the European (18%), East Asian (20%), and South East Asian (18%). And the reduction of T2DM risk in Ala12 carriers was stronger in individuals from North Europe rather than Central and South Europe. Our findings indicated that the rs1801282 variant may contribute to decrease of T2DM susceptibility in different ancestries.

    Citation

    Negar Sarhangi, Farshad Sharifi, Leila Hashemian, Maryam Hassani Doabsari, Katayoun Heshmatzad, Marzieh Rahbaran, Seyed Hamid Jamaldini, Hamid Reza Aghaei Meybodi, Mandana Hasanzad. PPARG (Pro12Ala) genetic variant and risk of T2DM: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Scientific reports. 2020 Jul 29;10(1):12764

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    PMID: 32728045

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