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In the last decades, it has become increasingly clear how the modulation of spatial organization of chromatin over time and through the cell cycle is closely connected to gene function regulation. Different physicochemical stimuli contribute to the realization of specific transcriptional programs and finally to a specific cellular phenotype. In this review, we aim to describe the current knowledge about the dynamics regulating the movements and the interactions of molecules within the nucleus and their impact on gene functions. In particular, taking into account that these forces exert their effect in a nuclear environment characterized by a high concentration of molecules, we will discuss the role of proteins and structures that regulate these movements and transduce physicochemical signals acting on the cell to the nucleus. © The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Japanese Biochemical Society. All rights reserved.


Lorena Zannino, Claudio Casali, Stella Siciliani, Marco Biggiogera. The dynamics of the nuclear environment and their impact on gene function. Journal of biochemistry. 2021 Apr 18;169(3):259-264

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PMID: 32745171

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