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    The aim of this quasi-experimental study was to develop an anti-embolism stocking care protocol and assess its effectiveness in preventing associated skin problems on the legs. The study was conducted between 02 March and July 20, 2016 in the surgical clinics of a private university hospital in Ankara, Turkey. The sample consisted of 27 nurses and 162 patients (three different patients were fitted of anti-embolism stockings by each of the 27 nurses; pre-protocol 81 patients and post-protocol 81 patients). Data were collected using data collection forms developed by the researchers. An anti-embolism stocking care protocol was developed and used. Nurses and patients were evaluated using an observational method. Following implementation of the protocol, nurses' mean knowledge (95.24 ± 5.60) and intervention skill (92.06 ± 10.42) scores were significantly higher than their pre-protocol knowledge (73.54 ± 14.26) and intervention skill (15.30 ± 6.84) scores. Nurses performed almost all steps of the care protocol correctly after the protocol was implemented. The rates of skin problems such as pressure ulcers, neurovascular problems and issues associated with wrinkles or creases in stockings were significantly reduced after implementation of the protocol. This study demonstrates that nurses' knowledge and intervention skills are increased when a care protocol is used, together with the prevention of errors and improved patient outcomes. The use of care protocols guides nurses in practice, raises awareness and helps to achieve nursing care objectives by standardizing information. Copyright © 2020 Tissue Viability Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Elif Akyüz, Zahide Tunçbilek. Anti-embolism stocking care protocol to prevent associated skin problems: A quasi-experimental study. Journal of tissue viability. 2021 Feb;30(1):89-94

    PMID: 32747218

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