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The influence of the bone marrow microenvironment on normal hematopoiesis, but also leukemia, has largely been accepted. However, the focus has been predominantly on the role of various cell types or cytokines maintaining hematopoietic stem cells or protecting leukemia stem cells from different therapies. A frequently overlooked component of the bone marrow microenvironment is the extracellular matrix, which not only provides a mechanical scaffold, but also serves as a source of growth factors. We discuss here how extracellular matrix proteins directly or indirectly modulate hematopoietic stem cell physiology and influence leukemia progression. It is hoped that existing and future studies on this topic may propel forward the possibility of augmenting normal hematopoiesis and improving therapies for leukemia, for instance, by targeting of the extracellular matrix in the bone marrow. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.

Citation

Costanza Zanetti, Daniela S Krause. Caught in the net": the extracellular matrix of the bone marrow in normal hematopoiesis and leukemia. Experimental hematology. 2020 Sep;89:13-25

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PMID: 32755619

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