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    Despite the high frequency of impacted teeth and increased frequency of lesions in dental follicles (DF) with aging, DF age-changes remain unclear. We compared the global methylation and hydroxymethylation profiles in DF in relation to age. DF associated with impacted lower third molars were obtained from 59 individuals. Global DNA methylation (5mC content) and hydroxymethylation (5hmC) were evaluated by ELISA. We tested the correlation between 5mC and 5hmC content, and the correlation of each with patients' age. The differences in age, 5mC, and 5hmC in DF from men/women, and location (left/right mandible) was tested. The mean age of the 59 individuals was 19.56 ± 3.92, ranging from 13 to 31 years, and most were women (n = 39). 5hmC content and age up to 19 years were inversely correlated (Spearman's correlation coefficient=-0.552, p = 0.0003, n = 38). There was no relationship between 5hmC and 5mC content. There was no difference in the medians of age (p = 0.25), 5hmC (p = 0.33) and 5mC (p = 0.86) between men/women, nor in the medians of age (p = 0.39), 5hmC (p = 0.99) and 5mC (p = 0.22) between the left/right side of the tooth extraction. An inverse correlation between 5hmC and age was established, with no correlation between 5mC and 5hmC content in DF. The biological meaning of such a decrease of global DNA hydroxymethylation with age in DF remains to be clarified. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


    Vinícius César Barbosa de Menezes, Elisa Carvalho de Siqueira, Sara Ferreira Dos Santos Costa, Fabrício Tinôco Alvim de Souza, Renan Pedra de Souza, Ricardo Santiago Gomez, Carolina Cavaliéri Gomes. Effects of aging on DNA hydroxymethylation and methylation in human dental follicles. Archives of oral biology. 2020 Oct;118:104856

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    PMID: 32763471

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