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    Infectious Bursal Disease Virus (IBDV), a member of the Birnaviridae family, causes an immunosuppressive disease in young chickens. Although several reverse genetics systems are available for IBDV, the isolation of most field-derived strains, such as very virulent IBDV (vvIBDV) and their subsequent rescue, has remained challenging due to the lack of replication of those viruses in vitro. Such rescue required either the inoculation of animals, embryonated eggs, or the introduction of mutations in the capsid protein (VP2) hypervariable region (HVR) to adapt the virus to cell culture, the latter option concomitantly altering its virulence in vivo. We describe an improved ex vivo IBDV rescue system based on the transfection of an avian cell line with RNA polymerase II-based expression vectors, combined with replication on primary chicken bursal cells, the main cell type targeted in vivo of IBDV. We validated this system by rescuing to high titers two recombinant IBDV strains: a cell-culture adapted attenuated strain and a vvIBDV. Sequencing of VP2 HVR confirmed the absence of unwanted mutations that may alter the biological properties of the recombinant viruses. Therefore, this approach is efficient, economical, time-saving, reduces animal suffering and can be used to rescue other non-cell culture adapted IBDV strains.

    Citation

    Liliana L Cubas-Gaona, Romane Trombetta, Céline Courtillon, Kai Li, Xiaole Qi, Xiaomei Wang, Sofiane Lotmani, Alassane Keita, Michel Amelot, Nicolas Eterradossi, Sébastien Mathieu Soubies. Ex vivo rescue of recombinant very virulent IBDV using a RNA polymerase II driven system and primary chicken bursal cells. Scientific reports. 2020 Aug 06;10(1):13298

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    PMID: 32764663

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