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It has been reported that the genes coding for NADP-dependent glutamate dehydrogenases (NADP-GDHs) showed a cause-effect relationship with Yeast-Hypha (YH) reversible transition in a zygomycete Benjaminiella poitrasii. As YH transition is significant in human pathogenic fungi for their survival and proliferation in the host, the NADP-GDHs can be explored as antifungal drug targets. The yeast-form specific BpNADPGDH I and hyphal-form specific BpNADPGDH II of B. poitrasii were purified by heterologous expression in E. coli BL-21 cells and characterized. The structural analogs of L-glutamate, dimethyl esters of isophthalic acid (DMIP) and its derivatives were designed, synthesized and screened for inhibition of NADP-GDH activity as well as YH transition in B. poitrasii, and also in human pathogenic Candida albicans strains. The BpNADPGDH I and BpNADPGDH II were found to be homo-hexameric proteins with native molecular mass of 282 kDa and 298 kDa, respectively and subunit molecular weights of 47 kDa and 49 kDa, respectively. Besides the distinct kinetic properties, BpNADPGDH I and BpNADPGDH II were found to be regulated by cAMP-dependent- and Calmodulin (CaM) dependent- protein kinases, respectively. The DMIP compounds showed a more pronounced effect on H-form specific BpNADPGDH II and inhibited YH transition as well as growth in B. poitrasii and C. albicans strains. The present study will be useful to design and develop antifungal drugs against dimorphic human pathogens using glutamate dehydrogenase as a target. Glutamate dehydrogenases can be explored as a target against human pathogenic fungi. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Ejaj K Pathan, Anand M Kulkarni, Nallaballe V L Prasanna, Chepuri V Ramana, Mukund V Deshpande. NADP-dependent glutamate dehydrogenases in a dimorphic zygomycete Benjaminiella poitrasii: Purification, characterization and their evaluation as an antifungal drug target. Biochimica et biophysica acta. General subjects. 2020 Nov;1864(11):129696

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PMID: 32768460

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