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Distant metastasis is the primary cause of treatment failure in locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LANPC). To develop a model to evaluate distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS) in LANPC and to explore the value of additional chemotherapy to concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for different risk groups. Retrospective. In all, 233 patients with biopsy-confirmed nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) from two hospitals. 1.5T and 3T. Axial T2 -weighted (T2 -w) and contrast-enhanced T1 -weighted (CET1 -w) images. Deep learning was used to build a model based on MRI images (including axial T2 -w and CET1 -w images) and clinical variables. Hospital 1 patients were randomly divided into training (n = 169) and validation (n = 19) cohorts; Hospital 2 patients were assigned to a testing cohort (n = 45). LANPC patients were divided into low- and high-risk groups according to their DMFS (P < 0.05). Kaplan-Meier survival analysis was performed to compare the DMFS of different risk groups and subgroup analysis was performed to compare patients treated with CCRT alone and treated with additional chemotherapy to CCRT in different risk groups, respectively. Univariate analysis was performed to identify significant clinical variables. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) was used to assess the model performance. Our deep-learning model integrating the deep-learning signature, node (N) stage (from TNM staging), plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-DNA, and treatment regimens yielded an AUC of 0.796 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.729-0.863), 0.795 (95% CI: 0.540-1.000), and 0.808 (95% CI: 0.654-0.962) in the training, internal validation, and external testing cohorts, respectively. Low-risk patients treated with CCRT alone had longer DMFS than patients treated with additional chemotherapy to CCRT (P < 0.05). The proposed deep-learning model, based on MRI features and clinical variates, facilitated the prediction of DMFS in LANPC patients. 3. 4. © 2020 International Society for Magnetic Resonance in Medicine.


Lu Zhang, Xiangjun Wu, Jing Liu, Bin Zhang, Xiaokai Mo, Qiuying Chen, Jin Fang, Fei Wang, Minmin Li, Zhuozhi Chen, Shuyi Liu, Luyan Chen, Jingjing You, Zhe Jin, Binghang Tang, Di Dong, Shuixing Zhang. MRI-Based Deep-Learning Model for Distant Metastasis-Free Survival in Locoregionally Advanced Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma. Journal of magnetic resonance imaging : JMRI. 2021 Jan;53(1):167-178

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PMID: 32776391

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