Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

The physiological stimulation of aldosterone production in adrenocortical glomerulosa cells by angiotensin II and high plasma K+ depends on the depolarization of the cell membrane potential and the subsequent Ca2+ influx via voltage-activated Ca2+ channels. Germline mutations of the low-voltage activated T-type Ca2+ channel CACNA1H (Cav3.2) have been found in patients with primary aldosteronism. Here, we investigated the electrophysiology and Ca2+ signaling of adrenal NCI-H295R cells overexpressing CACNA1H wildtype and mutant M1549V in order to understand how mutant CACNA1H alters adrenal cell function. Whole-cell patch-clamp measurements revealed a strong activation of mutant CACNA1H at the resting membrane potential of adrenal cells. Both the expression of wildtype and mutant CACNA1H led to a depolarized membrane potential. In addition, cells expressing mutant CACNA1H developed pronounced action potential-like membrane voltage oscillations. Ca2+ measurements showed an increased basal Ca2+ activity, an altered K+ sensitivity, and abnormal oscillating Ca2+ changes in cells with mutant CACNA1H. In addition, removal of extracellular Na+ reduced CACNA1H current, voltage oscillations, and Ca2+ levels in mutant cells, suggesting a role of the partial Na+ conductance of CACNA1H in cellular pathology. In conclusion, the pathogenesis of stimulus-independent aldosterone production in patients with CACNA1H mutations involves several factors: i) a loss of normal control of the membrane potential, ii) an increased Ca2+ influx at basal conditions, and iii) alterations in sensitivity to extracellular K+ and Na+. Finally, our findings underline the importance of CACNA1H in the control of aldosterone production and support the concept of the glomerulosa cell as an electrical oscillator. © Endocrine Society 2020. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail:


Florian Gürtler, Katrin Jordan, Ines Tegtmeier, Janina Herold, Julia Stindl, Richard Warth, Sascha Bandulik. Cellular Pathophysiology of Mutant Voltage-Dependent Ca2+ Channel CACNA1H in Primary Aldosteronism. Endocrinology. 2020 Oct 01;161(10)

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 32785697

View Full Text