Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

While autonomic dysreflexia caused by severe spinal cord lesions can be life-threatening, relevant reports on non-traumatic spinal lesions are rare. Furthermore, modes of innervation of the supraspinal inhibitory pathways at each spinal sympathetic segment remain unknown. Herein, I report the case of a patient with autonomic dysreflexia and radiation myelopathy. The laterality of autonomic dysreflexia was investigated with special reference to the sudomotor function. A 51-year-old man with a history of epipharynx carcinoma, radiotherapy, and cisplatin chemotherapy was referred for the evaluation of autonomic function. He was ambulant but displayed spastic tetraparesis, areflexia of the extremities, sensory disturbance below C4 dermatome, dysuria, and impotence. Spinal magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a cervical lesion involving the lateral portion of C2-C5, bilaterally. The thermal sweating test showed that sweating was lower on the left side of the face and neck, left shoulder, and arm than the corresponding parts on the right side. The rest of the body was anhidrotic. Sweating due to autonomic dysreflexia was symmetric, but more abundant on the left side of the face. Acetylcholine-induced sweating was markedly reduced on the left leg. This might be the first documentation of autonomic dysreflexia observed in a patient with radiation myelopathy. The present observations suggested that the supraspinal inhibitory pathway to spinal preganglionic neurons may descend on the same side as thermal sudomotor facilitatory pathways at the cervical level. Furthermore, autonomic dysreflexia was more prominent in the standing position suggesting that the pressure stimulus might enhance autonomic dysreflexia.


Hiroshi Saito. Autonomic dysreflexia in a case of radiation myelopathy and cisplatin-induced polyneuropathy. Spinal cord series and cases. 2020 Aug 13;6(1):71

Expand section icon Mesh Tags

Expand section icon Substances

PMID: 32792478

View Full Text