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    Leptin is a pleotropic hormone known to regulate a wide range of systemic functions, from satiety to inflammation. Increasing evidence has shown that leptin and its receptor (ObR) are not only expressed in adipose tissue but also in several organs, including the lungs. Leptin levels were first believed to be elevated only in the lungs of obese patients, and leptin was suspected to be responsible for obesity-related lung complications. Aside from obesity, leptin displays many faces in the respiratory system, independently of body weight, as this cytokine-like hormone plays important physiological roles, from the embryogenic state to maturation of the lungs and the control of ventilation. The leptin-signaling pathway is also involved in immune modulation and cell proliferation, and its dysregulation can lead to the onset of lung diseases. This review article addresses the thousand faces of leptin and its signaling in the lungs under physiological conditions and in disease. Copyright © 2020. Published by Elsevier Inc.

    Citation

    Etienne-Marie Jutant, Ly Tu, Marc Humbert, Christophe Guignabert, Alice Huertas. The Thousand Faces of Leptin in the Lung. Chest. 2021 Jan;159(1):239-248

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    PMID: 32795478

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