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Edwardsiellosis, an extremely harmful disease can be caused by Edwardsiella tarda, severely restricts the development of turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) farming worldwide, especially in China. This study aimed to establish an effective and feasible prophylaxis by feeding chitosan-alginate coated egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) against E. tarda 2CDM001 infections in the process of turbot farming. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays proved that the obtained specific IgY could specifically target E. tarda 2CDM001 and five other E. tarda isolates (1a5p, Hz-s, 1a1s, fs-a1 and 58p8). In-vitro, the bacteriostatic effects of specific IgY showed dose dependencies at concentrations ranging from 1 to 10 mg/mL. Moreover, E. tarda 2CDM001 incubated with 10 mg/mL specific IgY could induce the destruction of cell wall structures and significantly decrease the bacterial surface hydrophobicity (p < 0.05). In this study, turbots were challenged with 107 CFU E. tarda 2CDM001 after seven days of continuous feeding with basal diets containing microencapsulated IgYs. Survival rates of the 5%, 3% and 1% microencapsulated specific IgY groups were 63.3%, 56.7% and 20% on the tenth day post infection, respectively, while the turbots in the positive control and non-specific IgY groups all died within ten days. Oral administration of basal diets containing 5% microencapsulated specific IgY significantly reduced IL-1β, IL-8, TNF-α and C3 transcript levels in the head kidney and spleen of turbots compared with the positive and non-specific IgY groups at 24 h after E. tarda 2CDM001 challenging (p < 0.05). Pathological increase of leukocytes in the specific IgY group was significantly lower than that in the positive control and non-specific IgY groups (p < 0.05), decreasing slowly after 24 h of infection and showing a recovery trend. Erythrocyte counts and hemoglobin concentrations of turbots in positive and non-specific IgY groups showed a marked decrease compared with the negative and specific groups at 96 h after E. tarda 2CDM001 infection (p < 0.05). These results suggest that passive immunity via feeding microencapsulated specific IgY could be used as a valuable preventative in turbot against E. tarda 2CDM001 infections. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Le Xu, Jian Che, Yongping Xu, Yan Chen, Yuan Li, Bilal Murtaza, Lili Wang, Meixia Zhang, Xiaoyu Li. Oral administration of microencapsulated egg yolk immunoglobulin (IgY) in turbot (Scophthalmus maximus) to combat against Edwardsiella tarda 2CDM001 infections. Fish & shellfish immunology. 2020 Nov;106:609-620

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PMID: 32795594

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