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    Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTI) are common complications of injection drug use. We aimed to determine if rehospitalization and recurrent SSTI differ among persons with opioid use disorder (OUD) hospitalized for SSTI who are initiated on MOUD within 30 days of discharge and those who are not. We performed a retrospective analysis of commercially insured adults aged 18 years and older in the U.S. with OUD and hospitalization for injection-related SSTI from 2010-2017. The primary exposure was initiation of MOUD in the 30 days following hospitalization for SSTI. The primary outcomes included 30-day and 1-year 1) all-cause rehospitalization and 2) recurrent SSTI. We calculated the incidence rates for the two groups: MOUD group and no MOUD group for the primary outcomes. We developed Cox models to determine if rehospitalization and recurrent SSTI differ between the two groups. Only 5.5 % (357/6538) of people received MOUD in the month following their index SSTI hospitalization. 30-day rehospitalization incidence was higher in the MOUD group compared to no MOUD (35.9 vs 27.5 per 100 person-30 days) and one-year SSTI recurrence was lower (10.3 vs 18.7 per 100 person-years). In multivariable modeling, the MOUD group remained at significantly higher risk of 30-day rehospitalization compared to the no MOUD group and at lower risk for one-year SSTI recurrence. MOUD receipt following SSTI hospitalization decreases risk of recurrent SSTI among persons with OUD. Further expansion of these in-hospital services could provide an effective tool in the U.S. response to the opioid epidemic. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


    Joshua A Barocas, Mam Jarra Gai, Brenda Amuchi, Raagini Jawa, Benjamin P Linas. Impact of medications for opioid use disorder among persons hospitalized for drug use-associated skin and soft tissue infections. Drug and alcohol dependence. 2020 Oct 01;215:108207

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    PMID: 32795883

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