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Renal cysts can be focal or diffuse and unilateral or bilateral. In childhood, most renal cysts are due to hereditary diseases rather than simple cysts or acquired cystic diseases, unlike adults. Inherited cystic diseases can be ciliopathies due to a primary ciliary defect (as in polycystic kidney diseases and nephronophthisis). Acquired causes include obstructive cystic dysplasia, dyselectrolytemia, and acquired cysts in renal replacement therapy. The final diagnosis requires a multispecialty approach, including radiology, pathology, and genetics. Imaging is a very important component in treating patients with cystic renal diseases. This article discusses the ultrasound findings of cystic renal diseases in children, along with a brief discussion of other imaging modalities and a suggested ultrasound reporting format. © 2020 American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine.


Christy Cathreen Thomas, Manisha Jana, Aditi Sinha, Arvind Bagga, Anupama Ramachandran, Dipin Sudhakaran, Arun Kumar Gupta. Ultrasound Imaging of Renal Cysts in Children. Journal of ultrasound in medicine : official journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine. 2021 Mar;40(3):621-635

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PMID: 32798245

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