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    The gene encoding S. cerevisiae Kex2 protease derivative Kex2-667 (encoding the N-terminal 20th to 667th amino acid residues of Kex2 protease, containing the propeptide, catalytic domain, P domain and Ser/Thr enrichment region) and its 225th amino acid residue mutant K225L were overexpressed in Pichia pastoris. Proteases were purified by dialysis and anion exchange chromatography (Q-FF). Their properties were further investigated. For catalysis efficiency, the value of Kcat/Km of Kex2-667-K225L was 3 folds higher than that of Kex2-667. Both were quite stable at 25 °C and 37 °C after 8 h of incubation at pH5.6, while Kex2-667 remained nearly 90% of the total activity while Kex2-667-K225L remained only 80%. The stability of Kex2-667-K225L was lower than that of Kex2-667 from pH4.0 to pH9.0. Due to the mutation site K225 was located at one of the calcium ion binding sites, it resulted in a tighter calcium ion binding region, which may be the reason why the catalytic efficiency of Kex2-667-K225L was improved while the stability was a little decreased. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


    Fan Yang, Li Liu, Yingying Liu, Suxia Li. Effect of K225 residue to the catalytic efficiency of Kex2 protease. Protein expression and purification. 2020 Dec;176:105725

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    PMID: 32800900

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