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    Initially described, in 1948, as a tumor that could be mistaken with chondrosarcoma at histopathology, chondromyxoid fibroma is now a well-recognized entity. Surface-type chondromyxoid fibroma, however, remains an extremely rare occurrence. We present a case of a 55-year-old woman, who experienced right arm pain for 5 years. After unsuccessful treatment for presumed thoracic outlet syndrome, MRI revealed a large mass abutting the anteromedial cortex of the distal humeral diaphysis in a subperiosteal location. Further characterization was made with radiography, CT, and bone scan, which were followed by ultrasound-guided biopsy. Although histopathologic features were suggestive of chondromyxoid fibroma, the diagnosis remained somewhat uncertain initially due to the very unusual location involving the diaphysis of the humerus. Surgical resection was performed, and subsequent histopathologic analysis confirmed the diagnosis of chondromyxoid fibroma. Despite being a rare entity, surface-type chondromyxoid fibroma would need to be considered in the differential when dealing with expansile surface diaphyseal lesions.


    Jean-Philippe Delorme, Bibianna Purgina, Zaid Jibri. Subperiosteal chondromyxoid fibroma: a rare case involving the humeral diaphysis. Skeletal radiology. 2021 Mar;50(3):597-602

    PMID: 32803376

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