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    Diseases caused by alterations in the DNA can be overcome by providing the cells or tissues with a functional copy of the mutated gene. The most common form of gene therapy implies adding an extra genetic unit into the cell. However, new genome engineering techniques also allow the modification or correction of the existing allele, providing new possibilities, especially for dominant diseases. Gene therapies have been tested for 30 years in thousands of clinical trials, but presently, we have only three authorised gene therapy products for the treatment of inherited diseases in European Union. Here, we describe the gene therapy alternatives already on the market in the European Union and expand the scope to some clinical trials. Additionally, we discuss the ethical and regulatory issues raised by the development of these new kinds of therapies.


    Rocio Maldonado, Sami Jalil, Kirmo Wartiovaara. Curative gene therapies for rare diseases. Journal of community genetics. 2021 Apr;12(2):267-276

    PMID: 32803721

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