Correlation Engine 2.0
Clear Search sequence regions

  • antitubercular agents (2)
  • cases (2)
  • diagnosis (1)
  • drug reactions (1)
  • EPTB (2)
  • help (1)
  • humans (1)
  • MTB (5)
  • research (1)
  • rifampin (1)
  • rifampin (2)
  • time factors (1)
  • tuberculosis (8)
  • Sizes of these terms reflect their relevance to your search.

    Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major global health burden. There still remains a large gap between the notified and estimated incident cases. Extrapulmonary (EP) TB represents 15% of all TB cases and the diagnosis is more challenging due to the paucity of the organism. Smear microscopy is often insensitive and culture methods are prolonged. With the introduction of Xpert MTB/RIF and more recently Xpert Ultra, this has changed TB diagnostics by providing a rapid accessible platform to diagnose TB and identify rifampicin resistance within 2 h. The diagnostic accuracy and the clinical role of Xpert MTB/RIF and Xpert Ultra in the different forms of EPTB. Whilst significant advances have been made in TB diagnostics, there is still a need to optimize the diagnostic yield of Xpert MTB/RIF and Xpert Ultra in EPTB samples. Research is needed to facilitate standardization and optimal preparation of samples as well as understanding the role of Xpert MTB/RIF and Xpert Ultra in different burden settings. Alongside the current GeneXpert platform, the launch of rapid second-line drug resistance polymerase chain reactions and whole genome sequencing may help tackle the global health burden with a more comprehensive diagnostic approach and appropriate treatment.


    Mirae Park, Onn Min Kon. Use of Xpert MTB/RIF and Xpert Ultra in extrapulmonary tuberculosis. Expert review of anti-infective therapy. 2021 Jan;19(1):65-77

    Expand section icon Mesh Tags

    Expand section icon Substances

    PMID: 32806986

    View Full Text