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The aim of the study was to quantitatively assess the association of metallothionein 2A (MT2A) polymorphisms rs28366003 and rs1610216 with cancer risk. Crude odd ratios (OR) with 95% confidence intervals (CI) were used to estimate associations of the polymorphisms with cancer risk. Six eligible case-control studies with 1899 cases and 2437 controls focused on rs28366003, and three of those six studies, with 548 cases and 926 controls, additionally focused on rs1610216. Pooled analysis showed that MT2A rs28366003 and rs1610216 were associated with cancer risk: (AG + GG) vs. AA, OR = 2.67; GG vs. (AG + AA), OR = 5.97; GG vs. AA, OR = 6.80; AG vs. AA, OR = 2.46; G vs. A, OR = 2.67 for rs28366003; and CC vs. (TC+TT), OR = 2.51; CC vs. TT, OR = 2.42 for rs1610216. Subgroup analysis based on ethnicity showed a significant association of rs28366003 with cancer risk in Asian and Caucasian populations. However, a significant association of rs1610216 with cancer risk was found only in the Asian population. MT2A rs28366003 and rs1610216 polymorphisms were associated with cancer risk and might serve as genetic biomarkers for predicting cancer risk. However, larger studies are needed to confirm these findings.

Citation

Jianguo Wang, Pinghua Huang, Wei Zhao, Wei Ren, Ling Ai, Liping Wu. Quantitative assessment of the association of polymorphisms in the metallothionein 2A gene with cancer risk. The Journal of international medical research. 2020 Aug;48(8):300060520947937

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PMID: 32809904

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