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    The aim of this study was to investigate a family with nonhomologous sequence recombination of HBA1 and HBA2 genes and provide a favorable basis for genetic counseling and eugenics. Peripheral blood of family members was collected. Hematological parameters were determined by an automated cell counter and hemoglobin (Hb) analysis was performed using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Villus samples were taken for prenatal diagnosis (PND). Gap-polymerase chain reaction (gap-PCR) and reverse dot-blot were used for thalassemia genotyping. DNA sequencing was used to analyze the gene sequence of HBA1 (α1-globin) and HBA2 (α2-globin). The nonhomologous sequence recombination allelic variant of HBA1 and HBA2 genes were identified, namely, a gene conversion on the HBA2 gene called α12 (HBA12). The α12 allele consists primarily of the HBA2 gene sequence except for a segment of the IVS-II in which HBA2-specific sequences have been replaced by HBA1-specific sequences. The following genotypes were observed: - -SEA/αα12 (Southeast Asian deletion), αα/αα12 and αQSα/αα12 (Hb Quong Sze or Hb QS; HBA2: c.377T>C), and all manifested as small cell hypochromic anemia. To find the α12 allele in the Chinese population and clarify the influence of the α12 allele and its common inheritance with abnormal Hb and α-thalassemia (α-thal) on α-globin gene expression can help guide clinical diagnosis and genetic counseling.


    Shi-Qiang Luo, Xing-Yuan Chen, Ning Tang, Jun Huang, Qing-Yan Zhong, Ren Cai, Ti-Zhen Yan. Pedigree Analysis of Nonhomologous Sequence Recombination of HBA1 and HBA2 Genes. Hemoglobin. 2020 Sep;44(5):329-333

    PMID: 32811243

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