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Interleukin-10 (IL-10) and interleukin-27 (IL-27) both exert counterregulatory immunodeactivation in visceral Leishmania donovani infection. We studied experimental L. donovani infection in the livers of IL-10-/- and IL-27Rα-/- mice and observed that in IL-27Rα-/-, but not IL-10-/- mice, interferon-gamma (IFN-γ) and tumor necrosis factor (TNF) were required for heightened granulomatous inflammation and accelerated control of intracellular parasite replication. This difference in mechanism, along with residual IL-10 activity in IL-27Rα-/- mice, suggested targeting IL-27 in addition to IL-10 in a macrophage-activating, anti-counterregulatory cytokine treatment strategy. In C57BL/6 wild-type mice with established liver infection, a single injection of anti-IL-27 p28 or anti-IL-10R monoclonal antibody enhanced granuloma assembly, enabled macrophage activation, and induced comparable parasite killing (49-56%). However, anti-IL-27 p28 plus anti-IL-10R combination treatment did not increase leishmanicidal effects. These results suggest that IL-27 and IL-10 may operate in a linked deactivating mechanism and that in this intracellular infection, either IL-27 or IL-10 is a suitable immunotherapeutic target.

Citation

Henry W Murray. Targeting IL-27 and/or IL-10 in Experimental Murine Visceral Leishmaniasis. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene. 2020 Nov;103(5):1938-1941

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PMID: 32815498

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