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The bradykinin 1 receptor may be important in inflammatory retinal vascular leakage in diabetic macular edema. BI 1026706 is an antagonist of bradykinin 1 receptor that has demonstrated efficacy in preclinical studies. Boehringer Ingelheim trial 1320.22 (NCT02732951) was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study. The pharmacodynamics, safety, and tolerability of oral BI 1026706 for 12 weeks were evaluated in patients with type 1 or type 2 diabetes mellitus and mild visual impairment owing to center-involved diabetic macular edema. Patients (n = 105) were randomized to receive either oral BI 1026706 100 mg twice daily (morning and evening) or placebo for 12 weeks. The primary end point of the study was week 12 change from baseline in central subfield foveal thickness (CSFT) by spectral domain optical coherence tomography. Additional end points included absolute CSFT values, safety, and pharmacokinetics. After 12 weeks of treatment, there was no meaningful change from baseline in the adjusted mean CSFT in either treatment group (BI 1026706, 10.3 µm; placebo, -6.2 µm; adjusted mean treatment difference, 16.5 µm [95% confidence interval, -16.2 to 49.1]). There were also no differences in best-corrected visual acuity outcomes between treatment groups. Most reported adverse events were of mild or moderate intensity, and were balanced between treatment groups. BI 1026706 was not superior to placebo in CSFT week-12 change from baseline. Therefore, BI 1026706 does not reduce CSFT, a morphologic sign of diabetic macular edema. Kinin-kallikrein inhibition effects may not be apparent over 12 weeks for bradykinin 1 receptor inhibition alone. Copyright 2020 The Authors.


Gabriele E Lang, Ramin Tadayoni, Wenbo Tang, Claudia Barth, Cornelia Weiss-Haljiti, Victor Chong, BI 1026706 Study Group. Bradykinin 1 Receptor Antagonist BI1026706 Does Not Reduce Central Retinal Thickness in Center-Involved Diabetic Macular Edema. Translational vision science & technology. 2020 Mar;9(4):25

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PMID: 32818112

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