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Increasing evidence shows that the intestinal tract plays an important role in maintaining urate homeostasis and might be a potential therapeutic target for hyperuricaemia. However, uric acid-lowering drugs available in the clinic do not target intestinal excretion as a therapeutic strategy. We previously reported that mangiferin had potent hypouricaemic effects in hyperuricaemic animals. However, the underlying mechanisms are not completely clear. Here, we investigated the effects of mangiferin on the intestinal excretion of urate and its underlying mechanisms. The data revealed that mangiferin concentration-dependently promoted the intestinal secretion of endogenous urate in in situ intestinal closed loops in normal and hyperuricaemic mice, as well as inhibited the absorption of exogenous uric acid perfused into the intestinal loops in rats. Administration of mangiferin not only decreased the serum urate levels in the hyperuricaemic mice but also increased the protein expression of ATP-binding cassette transporter, subfamily G, member 2 (ABCG2) and inhibited the protein expression of glucose transporter 9 (GLUT 9) in the intestine. These findings suggested that intestinal ABCG2 and GLUT9 might be pivotal and possible action sites for the observed hypouricaemic effects. Moreover, no significant changes in intestinal xanthine oxidoreductase activities were observed, suggesting that mangiferin did not affect intestinal uric acid generation in the hyperuricaemic mice. Overall, promoting intestinal elimination of urate by upregulating ABCG2 expression and downregulating GLUT9 expression might be an important mechanism underlying mangiferin lowering serum uric acid levels. Mangiferin supplementation might be beneficial for the prevention and treatment of hyperuricaemia. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Qiurui Li, Hua Lin, Yanfen Niu, Yan Liu, Zhenyu Wang, Liudong Song, Lihui Gao, Ling Li. Mangiferin promotes intestinal elimination of uric acid by modulating intestinal transporters. European journal of pharmacology. 2020 Dec 05;888:173490

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PMID: 32827538

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