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Understanding of the range and mechanisms of clathrin functions has developed exponentially since clathrin's discovery in 1975. Here, newly established molecular mechanisms that regulate clathrin activity and connect clathrin pathways to differentiation, disease and physiological processes such as glucose metabolism are reviewed. Diversity and commonalities of clathrin pathways across the tree of life reveal species-specific differences enabling functional plasticity in both membrane traffic and cytokinesis. New structural information on clathrin coat formation and cargo interactions emphasises the interplay between clathrin, adaptor proteins, lipids and cargo, and how this interplay regulates quality control of clathrin's function and is compromised in infection and neurological disease. Roles for balancing clathrin-mediated cargo transport are defined in stem cell development and additional disease states. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Kit Briant, Lisa Redlingshöfer, Frances M Brodsky. Clathrin's life beyond 40: Connecting biochemistry with physiology and disease. Current opinion in cell biology. 2020 Aug;65:141-149

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PMID: 32836101

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