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    To evaluate whether buccal bone thickness (BBT), implant diameter, and abutment/crown material influence the accuracy of cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) to determine the buccal bone level at titanium implants. Two implant beds (i.e., narrow and standard diameter) were prepared in each of 36 porcine bone blocks. The implant beds were positioned at a variable distance from the buccal bone surface; thus, resulting in three BBT groups (i.e., >0.5 to 1.0; >1.0 to 1.5; >1.5 to 2.0 mm). In half of the blocks, a buccal bone dehiscence of random extent ("depth") was created and implants were mounted with different abutment/crown material (i.e., titanium abutments with a metal-ceramic crown and zirconia abutments with an all-ceramic zirconia crown). The distance from the implant shoulder to the buccal bone crest was measured on cross-sectional CBCT images and compared with the direct measurements at the bone blocks. While abutment/crown material and implant diameter had no effect on the detection accuracy of the buccal bone level at dental implants in CBCT scans, BBT had a significant effect. Specifically, when BBT was ≤1.0 mm, a dehiscence was often diagnosed although not present, that is, the sensitivity was high (95.8%), but the specificity (12.5%) and the detection accuracy (54.2%) were low. Further, the average measurement error of the distance from the implant shoulder to the buccal bone crest was 1.6 mm. Based on the present laboratory study, BBT has a major impact on the correct diagnosis of the buccal bone level at dental titanium implants in CBCT images; in cases where the buccal bone is ≤1 mm thick, detection of the buccal bone level is largely inaccurate. © 2020 The Authors. Journal of Periodontology published by Wiley Periodicals, Inc. on behalf of American Academy of Periodontology.

    Citation

    Danijel Domic, Kristina Bertl, Salman Ahmad, Lars Schropp, Kristina Hellén-Halme, Andreas Stavropoulos. Accuracy of cone-beam computed tomography is limited at implant sites with a thin buccal bone: A laboratory study. Journal of periodontology. 2021 Apr;92(4):592-601

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    PMID: 32846005

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