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Yeast-based by-products are greatly available, have a rich nutritional composition and functional properties. The spent brewer's yeast (SBY) cells after enzymatic hydrolysis may be a sustainable and low-cost alternative as carrier material for encapsulation processes by spray drying. Our work had as main purpose to characterise the hydrolysed SBY cell debris after the Maillard reaction and to study their potential as a microencapsulation wall material. SBY-based Maillard reaction products (MRPs) were used to encapsulate ascorbic acid (AA) by spray drying. The Maillard Reaction was able to improve the solubility of solids and proteins by 15% and promoted brown color development (230% higher Browning Index). SBY-based MRPs resulted in particles of a high encapsulation yield of AA (101.90 ± 5.5%), a moisture content of about 3.4%, water activity of 0.15, hygroscopicity values ranging from 13.8 to 19.3 gH2O/100 g and a glass transition temperature around 71 °C. The shape and microstructure of the produced particles were confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (MEV), indicating very similar structure for control and AA encapsulated particles. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR) results confirmed the presence of yeast cell debris in the surface of particles. Ascorbic acid was successfully encapsulated in Maillard conjugates of hydrolyzsd yeast cell debris of Saccharomyces pastorianus and maltodextrin as confirmed by optical microscopy, differential scanning calorimetry, MEV and FT-IR. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Citation

Gabriela Vollet Marson, Rafaela Polessi Saturno, Talita Aline Comunian, Larissa Consoli, Mariana Teixeira da Costa Machado, Miriam Dupas Hubinger. Maillard conjugates from spent brewer's yeast by-product as an innovative encapsulating material. Food research international (Ottawa, Ont.). 2020 Oct;136:109365

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PMID: 32846542

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