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    Co-transport of biochar (BC) colloids with coexisting organic contaminants (OCs) in soil involves complex interactions among BC colloids, OCs, and soil particles, which is significant for the environmental application and risk assessment of BC and yet has not been well addressed. This study explored co-transports of three typical OCs (i.e., phenanthrene (PHN), atrazine (ATZ), and oxytetracycline (OTC)) and BC colloids obtained from bulk BCs with different charring temperatures (200-700 °C) and particle sizes (250 nm, 500 nm, and 1 μm) in a soil column of 9 cm in height. Considerable transport of BC colloids alone was observed and the maximum breakthrough concentration (C/Co) increased from 0.08 to 0.77 as the charring temperature decreased from 700 to 200 °C. The mobilities of PHN, OTC, and ATZ alone were very low but were greatly increased by co-transports with BC colloids, and their maximum C/Co values were within 0.05-0.33, 0.03-0.44, and 0.05-0.62, respectively, in the absence and presence of various BC colloids. The enhancement effect of BC colloids on the OC transport decreased with increasing charring temperature or particle size of BC colloids. BC colloids mainly acted as a vehicle to facilitate the transport of OCs, and dissolved organic carbon from BC colloids also contributed to the increased mobility of OCs in dissolved form. These findings provide new insights into co-transport of BC colloids and contaminants in soil.


    Rashida Hameed, Cheng Lei, Jing Fang, Daohui Lin. Co-transport of biochar colloids with organic contaminants in soil column. Environmental science and pollution research international. 2021 Jan;28(2):1574-1586

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    PMID: 32851523

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