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Viral nephropathy is a term defines glomerular, tubular and/or vascular injury in kidney caused by viruses itself or virus-induced immune mechanisms. It is difficult to prove causality between the renal disease and the viral infection, however, renal biopsy findings can help in this regard. Several viruses such as hepatitis B and C, Human immun deficiciency virus (HIV), Hantavirus, Cytomegalovirus (CMV), an recently Coronavirus are shown to affect the kidney. Treatment of viral nephropathies are unique regarding the diagnosis which can be made only with renal biopsy in most of the situations. We present two patients presented with acute kidney injury and thrombocytopenia caused by different viruses (Hantavirus and HIV) that affect multiple areas in kidney that revealed with kidney biopsy. Supportive treatment in the patient with Hantavirus nephropathy and HIV treatment along with eculizumab and supportive treatment in the patient with HIVAN were successfully implemented.


Rezzan Eren Sadioglu, Sahin Eyupoglu, Saba Kiremitci, Serhat Birengel, Kenan Keven. Two patients, two viruses and multiple sites of injury in the kidney. Journal of nephrology. 2021 Feb;34(1):263-265

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PMID: 32852702

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