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Chloroplast stromal factors involved in regulating thylakoid protein targeting are poorly understood. We previously reported that in Arabidopsis thaliana, the stromal-localized chaperone HSP90C (plastid heat shock protein 90) interacted with the nuclear-encoded thylakoid lumen protein PsbO1 (PSII subunit O isoform 1) and suggested a role for HSP90C in aiding PsbO1 thylakoid targeting. Using in organello transport assays, particularly with model substrates naturally expressed in stroma, we showed that light, exogenous ATP, and HSP90C activity were required for Sec-dependent transport of green fluorescent protein (GFP) led by the PsbO1 thylakoid targeting sequence. Using a previously identified PsbO1T200A mutant, we provided evidence that a stronger interaction between HSP90C and PsbO1 better facilitated its stroma-thylakoid trafficking. We also demonstrated that SecY1, the channel protein of the thylakoid SEC translocase, specifically interacted with HSP90C in vivo. Inhibition of the chaperone ATPase activity suppressed the association of the PsbO1GFP-HSP90C complex with SecY1. Together with analyzing the expression and accumulation of a few other thylakoid proteins that utilize the SRP, TAT, or SEC translocation pathways, we propose a model in which HSP90C forms a guiding complex that interacts with thylakoid protein precursors and assists in their specific targeting to the thylakoid SEC translocon. © The Author(s) 2020. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Society for Experimental Biology.


Tim Jiang, Bona Mu, Rongmin Zhao. Plastid chaperone HSP90C guides precursor proteins to the SEC translocase for thylakoid transport. Journal of experimental botany. 2020 Dec 31;71(22):7073-7087

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PMID: 32853383

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