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To evaluate crops generated by new breeding techniques, it is important to confirm the removal of recombinant DNAs (rDNAs) derived from foreign genes including unintentionally introduced short rDNA(s). We attempted to develop a sensitive detection method for such short rDNAs using Southern blot analysis and performed a model study targeting single-copy endogenous genes in plants. To increase the detection sensitivity, the general protocol for Southern blot analysis was modified. In the model study, we used endogenous-gene-targeting probes in which complementary sequences were serially replaced by dummy sequences, and detected complementary sequences as well as 30 bp. We further evaluated the sensitivity using short rDNAs derived from GM sequences as pseudoinsertions, and the results demonstrated that rDNA-insertions as small as 30 bp could be detected. The results suggested that unintentionally introduced rDNA-insertions were 30 bp or more in length could be detected by the Southern blot analysis.


Reona Takabatake, Machiko Kaneko, Makiko Yanagida, Kazumi Kitta. Detection of 30 bp DNA fragments with a sensitive modified Southern blot analysis. Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry. 2020 Dec;84(12):2405-2414

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PMID: 32856548

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