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Haemoglobin Constant Spring (Hb CoSp) and Haemoglobin Adana (Hb Adana), are two non-deletion type of α-thalassemia reported in Malaysia. Owing to their structural instability, they cause hemolysis and hyperbilirubinemia. This observational study was part of a large study investigating multiple factors associated with severe neonatal jaundice. In this part we aimed to determine the prevalence of Hb CoSp and Hb Adana and their association with clinically significant neonatal hyperbilirubinemia (SigNH, total serum bilirubin (TSB>290µmol/L)) among jaundiced Malaysian term neonates. The inclusion criteria were normal term-gestation neonates admitted consecutively for phototherapy. PCR-restriction fragment length polymorphism method was applied on DNA extracted from dry blood spot specimens of each neonate to detect for Hb CoSp and Hb Adana gene. Positive samples were verified by gene sequencing. Of the 1121 neonates recruited (719 SigNH and 402 no-SigNH), heterozygous Hb CoSp gene was detected in only two (0.27%) neonates. Both were SigNH neonates (0.3% or 2/719). No neonate had Hb Adana variant. Hb CoSp was not common but could be a risk factor associated with SigNH. No Hb Adana was detected.


S Shwe, N Y Boo, H K Ong, S C Chee, M Maslina, M M M Ling, A K Ahluwalia. Haemoglobin Constant Spring (HbA2: c.427T>C) and Haemoglobin Adana (HbA2: c.179G>A) in jaundiced Malaysian term neonates with clinically significant hyperbilirubinemia. The Malaysian journal of pathology. 2020 Aug;42(2):253-257

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PMID: 32860378

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