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    Plants have evolved advanced chemical defense mechanisms, including root exudation, which enable them to respond to changes occurring in their surroundings rapidly. Yet, it remains unresolved how root exudation affects belowground plant-plant interactions. The objective of this study was to elucidate the fate of benzoxazinoids (BXs) exuded from the roots of rye (Secale cereale L.) plants grown with hairy vetch (Vicia villosa). A rapid method that allows nondestructive and reproducible chemical profiling of the root exudates was developed. Targeted chemical analysis with high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (HPLC-MS/MS) was performed to investigate the changes in the composition and concentration of BXs in the rye plant, and its root exudate in response to cocultivation with hairy vetch. Furthermore, hairy vetch plants were screened for the possible uptake of BXs from the rhizosphere and their translocation to the shoot. Rye significantly increased the production and root exudation of BXs, in particular 2-β-d-glucopyranosyloxy-4-hydroxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one (DIBOA-glc) and 2-β-d-glucopyranosyloxy-4-hydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one (DIMBOA-glc), in response to cocultivation with hairy vetch. DIBOA-glc and DIMBOA-glc were absorbed by the roots of the cocultivated hairy vetch plants and translocated to the shoots. These findings will strongly improve our understanding of the exudation of BXs from the rye plant and their role in interaction with other plant species.


    Hossein Hazrati, Inge S Fomsgaard, Per Kudsk. Root-Exuded Benzoxazinoids: Uptake and Translocation in Neighboring Plants. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2020 Sep 30;68(39):10609-10617

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    PMID: 32877180

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