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Interleukin 4 (IL-4) is a cytokine that induces T-cell differentiation and the production of antibodies from B cells, and plays a crucial role in the allergic response. Therefore, development of a therapeutic approach against IL-4 signaling is expected to prevent or control Th2-related allergic diseases. IL-4 single-chain fragment variable (scFv), which is a recombinant protein consisting of the Fv region of an IL-4 antibody connected to a flexible peptide linker, is expected to be an inhibitor of IL-4 signaling. In this study, recombinant IL-4 scFv was produced by genetically modified lactic acid bacteria (gmLAB); this system is gaining attention as a type of microbial therapeutics. Recombinant gene expression was confirmed with western blotting, and the IL-4 recognition ability of IL-4 scFv produced by gmLAB was examined with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. The macrophage cell line, Raw264.7, and peritoneal macrophages isolated from C57BL/6 mice were employed for an in vitro IL-4 signaling inhibition assay. IL-4 stimulation increased the mRNA expression of arginase-1, a biomarker of IL-4 signaling in macrophages, but arginase-1 expression was suppressed by IL-4 scFv produced by gmLAB, indicating that IL-4 scFv has IL-4 signaling inhibitory activity. gmLAB that produces bioactive IL-4 scFv that was constructed in this study could be an attractive approach for treating allergic disorders.


Fu Namai, Suguru Shigemori, Tasuku Ogita, Takashi Sato, Takeshi Shimosato. Construction of genetically modified Lactococcus lactis that produces bioactive anti-interleukin-4 single-chain fragment variable. Molecular biology reports. 2020 Sep;47(9):7039-7047

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PMID: 32880064

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