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Amoebiasis is a human parasitic disease caused by Entamoeba histolytica. The parasite can invade the large intestine and other organs such as liver; resistance to the host tissue oxygen is a condition for parasite invasion and survival. Thioredoxin reductase of E. histolytica (EhTrxR) is a critical enzyme mainly involved in maintaining reduced the redox system and detoxifying the intracellular oxygen; therefore, it is necessary for E. histolytica survival under both aerobic in vitro and in vivo conditions. In the present work, it is reported that rabeprazole (Rb), a drug widely used to treat heartburn, was able to inhibit the EhTrxR recombinant enzyme. Moreover, Rb affected amoebic proliferation and several functions required for parasite virulence such as cytotoxicity, oxygen reduction to hydrogen peroxide, erythrophagocytosis, proteolysis, and oxygen and complement resistances. In addition, amoebic pre-incubation with sublethal Rb concentration (600 μM) promoted amoebic death during early liver infection in hamsters. Despite the high Rb concentration used to inhibit amoebic virulence, the wide E. histolytica pathogenic-related functions affected by Rb strongly suggest that its molecular structure can be used as scaffold to design new antiamoebic compounds with lower IC50 values.


Yoalli Martínez-Pérez, Mario Nequiz-Avendaño, Itzhel García-Torres, Marco E Gudiño-Zayas, Gabriel López-Velázquez, Sergio Enríquez-Flores, Edith Mendoza, Emma Saavedra, Ruy Pérez-Tamayo, Gloria León-Avila, Alfonso Olivos-García. Rabeprazole inhibits several functions of Entamoeba histolytica related with its virulence. Parasitology research. 2020 Oct;119(10):3491-3502

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PMID: 32886229

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