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Relying on the specific coordination of Ag+ and mismatched cytosine-cytosine (C-C), the high-efficiency inhibition of urease by Ag+ ion, and the rapid and sensitive response of phenol red to pH, a sensitive ratiometric sensor has been designed for visual detection of human immunodeficiency virus gene (HIV DNA). This sensor utilizes the HIV DNA to initiate catalytic hairpin assembly (CHA) process, releasing Ag+ to inhibit subsequent urease-catalyzed urea hydrolysis and prevent the pH of the solution from rising. The CHA process and the absorbance ratio of phenol red at different wavelengths (A559/A432) amplify the signal, allowing the sensor to detect HIV DNA from 10 to 130 nM in a sensitive and highly selective manner with a low detection limit of 7.8 nM. In addition, this sensor can visually distinguish different concentrations of HIV DNA within a certain range and possesses a good recovery in 1% of serum samples, which will provide new ideas for biosensor design, dipstick test, blood test, and other clinical disease prevention. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.


Jiao Zhou, Lei Han, Yu Ling, Lei Wang, Nian Bing Li, Hong Qun Luo. A visual detection of human immunodeficiency virus gene using ratiometric method enabled by phenol red and target-induced catalytic hairpin assembly. Talanta. 2020 Nov 01;219:121202

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PMID: 32887109

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