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Mesenchymal stromal cells (MSC), with progenitor cell and immunological properties, have been cultivated from numerous vascularized tissues including bone marrow, adipose tissue and the corneal-limbus of the eye. After observing mesenchymal cells as contaminants in primary cultures of vascular endothelial cells derived from the choroidal tunic of the human eye, we investigated whether the choroid might also provide a source of cultured MSC. Moreover, we examined the effect of the choroidal stromal cells (Ch-SC) on the proliferation of freshly isolated choroidal vascular endothelial cells (ChVEC) in vitro. The phenotype of cultures established from five choroidal tissue donors was examined by flow cytometry and immunocytochemistry. The potential for mesenchymal cell differentiation was examined in parallel with MSC established from human bone marrow. Additional cultures were growth-arrested by treatment with mitomycin-C, before being tested as a potential feeder layer for ChVEC. The five unique cultures established from choroidal stroma displayed a phenotype consistent with the accepted definition for MSC (CD34-, CD45-, HLA-DR-, CD73+, CD90+, and CD105+), including the capacity for mesenchymal differentiation when cultivated under osteogenic, adipogenic and chondrogenic conditions. Growth-arrested Ch-SC inhibited the proliferation of ChVEC derived from five separate donors. Cultures of Ch-SC secreted approximately 40-fold higher concentrations of the anti-angiogenic factor pigment epithelium derived factor (PEDF/serpin F1) compared to the pro-angiogenic factor, vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), regardless of normal or growth-arrested state. Our results provide first evidence of a resident MSC cell type within the choroid and encourage investigation of new mechanisms for altering the growth of ChVEC. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Citation

Nadine Alexander, Jennifer Walshe, Neil A Richardson, Kathryn Futrega, Michael R Doran, Damien G Harkin, Audra M A Shadforth. Stromal cells cultivated from the choroid of human eyes display a mesenchymal stromal cell (MSC) phenotype and inhibit the proliferation of choroidal vascular endothelial cells in vitro. Experimental eye research. 2020 Nov;200:108201

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PMID: 32888962

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