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Phosphorylation, one of the important protein post-translational modifications, is involved in many essential cellular processes. Site-specifical and homogeneous phosphoproteins can be used as probes for elucidating the protein phosphorylation network and as potential therapeutics for interfering their involved biological events. However, the generation of phosphoproteins has been challenging owing to the limitation of chemical synthesis and protein expression systems. Despite the pioneering discoveries in phosphoprotein synthesis, over the past decade, great progresses in this field have also been made to promote the biofunctional exploration of protein phosphorylation largely. Therefore, in this review, we mainly summarize recent advances in phosphoprotein synthesis, which includes five sections: 1) synthesis of the nonhydrolyzable phosphorylated amino acid mimetic building blocks, 2) chemical total and semisynthesis strategy, 3) in-cell and in vitro genetic code expansion strategy, 4) the late-stage modification strategy, 5) nonoxygen phosphoprotein synthesis. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Hua-Zhen Duan, Zhen-Ke Nie, Yue Li, Yong-Xiang Chen. Unremitting progresses for phosphoprotein synthesis. Current opinion in chemical biology. 2020 Oct;58:96-111

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PMID: 32889414

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