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Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) is isolated from the genital tract of animals suffering from uterine damage and ovarian dysfunction. This study provides direct molecular evidence about the mechanism through which endotoxins cause reproductive disorders. Granulosa cells and ovaries were collected from immature mice treated with eCG or with eCG and LPS injection intraperitoneally. Normal large antral follicles were observed in ovaries obtained from eCG and LPS coinjected mice, and the morphology of the ovaries was similar to that observed in the control group. These antral follicles were not deemed atretic because few TUNEL-positive cells were observed. However, the granulosa cells of large antral follicles did not acquire the ability to respond to hCG stimulation. The number of ovulated oocytes was significantly lower in LPS-injected mice after superovulation compared to mice that were not exposed to LPS. The low reactivity was caused by the limited expression of the Lhcgr gene, which encodes the LH receptor in granulosa cells as well as an LPS-induced increase in the level of Dnmt1 expression. The methylation rate of the Lhcgr promoter region was significantly higher in granulosa cells obtained from the LPS treatment group compared with the control group. Together, these findings demonstrated that the decrease in the expression of Lhcgr due to LPS was a result of the epigenetic regulatory action of LPS. Our studies suggest that ovarian follicular cysts that is characterized by bacterial infection in humans and animals, is closely connected to the level of methylation of the Lhcgr promoter region. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Citation

Adedeji O Adetunji, Tomoko Kawai, Masayuki Shimada. Impact of lipopolysaccharide administration on luteinizing hormone/choriogonadotropin receptor (Lhcgr) expression in mouse ovaries. Journal of reproductive immunology. 2020 Nov;142:103193

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PMID: 32890905

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