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The performance of lanthanum carbonate (LC) pertaining to the adsorption of phosphate (HwPO4w-3) was investigated, and the possible adsorption mechanism was elucidated. The stabilization of HwPO4w-3 adsorbed to LC was evaluated. The influence of LC addition on the upward transport of phosphorus (P) from sediment to overlying water (OL-W) was studied, and the adsorption performance of HwPO4w-3 on the LC-amended sediment was explored. The results of this work indicated that LC performed well in the elimination of HwPO4w-3 from water in the pH range of 4 to 11, and the commercial and self-prepared LC samples afforded the maximum HwPO4w-3 adsorption capacities of 57.9 and 99.4 mg P/g, respectively, at pH 7. The presence of coexisting species including chloride, bicarbonate, and sulfate had a small influence on the HwPO4w-3 adsorption onto LC. The main HwPO4w-3 adsorption mechanism of LC at pH 7 was the ligand exchange reaction between carbonate and HwPO4w-3 forming the inner-sphere La-phosphate complexation. The self-synthesized LC exhibited much higher HwPO4w-3 adsorption performance than the commercial LC. The overwhelming majority (> 97.0%) of HwPO4w-3 adsorbed to LC primarily existed in the form of muriatic acid-extractable P, which has relatively low re-releasing risk. The addition of LC into sediment could significantly prevent the release of P from the sediment solid into the OL-W, thereby leading to a lower concentration level of reactive soluble P (RSP) in the OL-W compared with no LC treatment. The addition of LC into sediment could greatly improve the HwPO4w-3 uptake ability for the sediment, and the enhancement of HwPO4w-3 adsorption onto the sediment by the added LC increased as the increase of the amendment dosage and the initial HwPO4w-3 concentration. All results suggest that LC could serve as a promising amendment material for the control of sedimentary P release.

Citation

Yanhui Zhan, Mingyue Chang, Jianwei Lin. Suppression of phosphorus release from sediment using lanthanum carbonate as amendment. Environmental science and pollution research international. 2021 Jan;28(3):3280-3295

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PMID: 32914304

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