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The majority of Golgi glycosyltransferases are type II membrane proteins with a small cytosolic tail at their N-terminus. Several mechanisms for localizing these glycosyltransferases to the Golgi have been proposed. In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the phosphatidylinositol-4-phosphate-binding protein ScVps74p interacts with the cytosolic tail of a Golgi glycosyltransferase and contributes to its localization. In this study, we investigated whether a similar mechanism functions in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. First, we identified gpp74+ (GPP34 domain-containing Vps74 homolog protein), a gene encoding the S. pombe homolog of S. cerevisiae Vps74p. Deletion of the gpp74+ gene resulted in the missorting of three Golgi glycosyltransferases, SpOch1p, SpMnn9p, and SpOmh1p, to vacuoles, but not SpAnp1p, indicating Gpp74p is required for targeting some glycosyltransferases to the Golgi apparatus. Gpp74p with an N-terminal GFP-tag localized to both the Golgi apparatus and the cytosol. Golgi localization of Gpp74p was dependent on the phosphatidylinositol 4-kinase SpPik1p. Site-directed mutagenesis of hydrophobic and basic amino acids in the cytosolic tails of SpOch1p and SpMnn9p resulted in their missorting to vacuoles, indicating these cytosolic N-terminal residues are important for localization in the Golgi. Unexpectedly, no prominent alternations in protein glycosylation were observed in S. pombe gpp74Δ cells, probably due to the residual Golgi localization of some SpOch1p and SpMnn9p in these cells. Collectively, these results demonstrate that both Gpp74p-dependent and Gpp74p-independent mechanisms are responsible for the Golgi localization of glycosyltransferases to the Golgi in S. pombe. KEY POINTS: • Gpp74p is involved in the localization of glycosyltransferases to the Golgi. • The cytosolic tails of glycosyltransferases are important for Golgi localization. • Gpp74p localizes to the Golgi in a SpPik1p-dependent manner.

Citation

Takao Ohashi, Seijirou Hegi, Takamasa Fukunaga, Akira Hosomi, Kaoru Takegawa. Golgi localization of glycosyltransferases requires Gpp74p in Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Applied microbiology and biotechnology. 2020 Oct;104(20):8897-8909

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PMID: 32918581

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