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The increasing incidence rate of dementia underlines the necessity to identify early biomarkers of imminent cognitive decline. Recent findings suggest that cognitive decline and the pathophysiology of Alzheimer's disease are closely linked to disruptions in slow wave sleep (SWS) - the deepest sleep stage. SWS is essential for memory functions and displays a potentially causal and bidirectional link to the accumulation of amyloid beta deposition. Accordingly, improving SWS in older adults - especially when at risk for dementia - might slow down the rate of cognitive decline. Recent work suggests that SWS can be improved by specifically targeting the electrophysiological peaks of the slow waves with acoustic stimulation. In older adults, this approach is still fairly new and accompanied by challenges posed by the specific complexity of their sleep physiology, like lower amplitude slow waves and fragmented sleep architecture. We suggest an approach that tackles these issues and attempts to re-instate a sleep physiology that resembles a younger, healthier brain. With enough SWS of high quality, metabolic clearance and memory functions could benefit and help slowing the process of cognitive aging. Ultimately, acoustic stimulation to enhance SWS could serve as a cost-effective, non-invasive tool to combat cognitive decline. Copyright © 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Citation

Marina Wunderlin, Marc Alain Züst, Kristoffer Daniel Fehér, Stefan Klöppel, Christoph Nissen. The role of slow wave sleep in the development of dementia and its potential for preventative interventions. Psychiatry research. Neuroimaging. 2020 Dec 30;306:111178

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PMID: 32919869

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