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In this paper, a novel and facile synthetic method of 3-mercaptopropionic acid functionalized copper nanoclusters with aggregation-induced emission (AIE) induced by Cu2+ (Cu2+@MPA-Cu NCs) was developed by a one-pot reaction as a fluorescent probe for the detection of sulfide ion (S2-). The prepared Cu2+@MPA-Cu NCs behaved as aggregated clusters and had strong pink fluorescence under 365 nm UV light with excellent fluorescence emission at 610 nm. The quantum yield increased from 0.56% to 4.8% before and after Cu2+ added. The presence of S2- would strongly bind to Cu2+, which caused the structure of the aggregated Cu2+@MPA-Cu NCs to be destroyed and then the fluorescence quenched. On the basis of this principle, a fluorescent probe was constructed for the detection of S2- with a very good linearity in the range 0-600 μM (R2 = 0.9843) and a detection limit of 26.3 nM. Finally, the nanohybrids were successfully demonstrated for the application in the selective detection of S2- in food additives. This study essentially paved a new avenue for effectively developing an easy sensor platform for S2- measurements in food additives.

Citation

Dawei Wang, Zhiqiang Wang, Xiaobin Wang, Xuming Zhuang, Chunyuan Tian, Feng Luan, Xiuli Fu. Functionalized Copper Nanoclusters-Based Fluorescent Probe with Aggregation-Induced Emission Property for Selective Detection of Sulfide Ions in Food Additives. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2020 Oct 07;68(40):11301-11308

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PMID: 32926614

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