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This study investigated the in-vitro performance of anterior implant-supported fixed dental prostheses (FDP). The effect of ceramics, fabrication, finalization and the presence of a screw-channel wa s investigated. Identical anterior ceramic FDPs (tooth 11-13; n=80) were milled (Lithiumdisilicate (LiSiCAD, emaxCAD, Ivoclar-Vivadent), Lithiumaluminiumsilicate (LiAlSi, experimental material) or pressed (Lithiumdisilicate (LiSiPress, emaxPress, Ivoclar-Vivadent), Lithiumsilicate (ZLS, CeltraPress, Dentsply Sirona). FDP-groups (n=8 per material and group) simulated a cemented or screw-retained approach. After cementation or screwing on titanium abutments, thermal cycling and mechanical loading (TCML) was performed on all restorations to mimic 5-year clinical performance. Performance and fracture force were determined and failures were analyzed. (Kolmogorov-Smirnov-test, one-way-ANOVA; post-hoc-Bonferroni, multivariate-regression, α=0.05). All FDPs survived TCML without aging, cracks, fractures or chipping. For FDPs without screw channel fracture values varied between with 839.8±112.3N (LiAlSi glazed) and 1485.9±232.6N (LiSiCAD). With screw channel, fracture results varied between 701.4±220.1N (LiALSi glazed) and 1516.3±253.7N (LiSipress). The type of material had a significant influence on the fracture results (LiSi>ZLS>LiAlSi; p≤0.012). Fabrication and finalization had no influence on the results. A screw channel did not significantly (p≥0.135) reduce the fracture force of the FDPs. Type of failure was mostly characterized by a fracture of the connector (LiSi, LiAlSi) or the abutment (ZLS, LiAlSi). FDPs survived TCML without failures indicating that the in vitro performance was not influenced by the tested parameters. Composition of ceramic material has significant influence on the fracture resistance of implant supported LiSi based FDPs. Screw channel, fabrication or finalization did not weaken the FDPs.


Julian Zacher, Robert Bauer, Step Hanie Krifka, Martin Rosentritt. In vitro performance and fracture resistance of pressed or CAD/CAM milled ceramic implant-supported screw-retained or cemented anterior FDPs. Journal of prosthodontic research. 2020 Sep 09

PMID: 32938865

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